What Explains This Man’s Widespread Targetoid Rash?
David L. Kaplan, MD—Series Editor
Kaplan DL. What explains this man’s widespread targetoid rash? Consultant. 2018;58(2):64,66.
This 18-year-old young man had been exposed to poison ivy 2 weeks previously and had developed Rhus allergic contact dermatitis on his legs that had responded to potent topical corticosteroids. He now presented with a few-day history of circular lesions on his hands, trunk, and extremities (with sparing of the mucous membranes) that he described as itchy and tender. He was otherwise healthy, and he denied any new medications and any recent upper respiratory infections or fever blisters.
Answer: Erythema Multiforme Induced by Poison Ivy
Rhus allergic contact dermatitis–induced erythema multiforme (EM) is an underreported but well-documented occurrence.1,2 Fortunately, this condition usually responds to treatment with systemic corticosteroids.
Urticaria tends to come and go, unlike these lesions, which have been present for a few days. There was no history of contact dermatitis, and the target-like lesions are characteristic of EM, not contact dermatitis. Measles starts with fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes, and sore throat, followed by a rash that spreads over the body with accompanying oral lesions, unlike what is seen in this patient’s case.
- Werchniak AE, Schwarzenberger K. Poison ivy: an underreported cause of erythema multiforme. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2004;51(5 suppl):S159-S160.
- Cohen LM, Cohen JL. Erythema multiforme associated with contact dermatitis to poison ivy: three cases and a review of the literature. Cutis. 1998;62(3):139-142.