E-Cigarette Use Increases Risk of Prediabetes
The use of e-cigarettes is associated with a greater risk of prediabetes, according results of a recent study.1
Researchers utilized data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey conducted from 2016 to 2018. A total of 600,046 individuals who completed the prediabetes and e-cigarette modules were included in this analysis. Of the participants, 28.6% were aged older than 35 years, 50.4% were women, 67.7% were non-Hispanic White, and 12.2% were non-Hispanic Black.
The prevalence of prediabetes was 9.0% among current e-cigarette users, 5.9% among sole e-cigarette users, and 10.2% among dual users (both e-cigarettes and combustible-cigarettes). The odds ratio for prediabetes in the fully adjusted model were 1.22 (95% CI, 1.10--1.37) for current users, 1.12 (95% CI, 1.05--1.19) for former users, 1.54 (95% CI, 1.17--2.04) for sole e-cigarette users, and 1.14 (95% CI, 0.97--1.34) for sole e-cigarette users when compared with those who never use e-cigarettes.
“Our study demonstrated a clear association of prediabetes risk with the use of e-cigarettes,” study author Shyam Biswal, PhD, concluded in a press release.2 “With both e-cigarette use and prevalence of prediabetes dramatically on the rise in the past decade, our discovery that e-cigarettes carry a similar risk to traditional cigarettes with respect to diabetes is important for understanding and treating vulnerable individuals.”
- Zhang Z, Jiao Z, Blaha MJ, et al. The association between e-cigarette use and prediabetes: results from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2016-2018. Am J Prev Med. Published online March March 2, 2022. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2019.10.014
- Evidence links e-cigarette use with increased odds of prediabetes. News release. Elsevier; March 3, 2022. Accessed March 3, 2022. https://www.elsevier.com/about/press-releases/research-and-journals/evidence-links-ecigarette-use-with-increased-odds-of-prediabetes