Tinea Faciei

Tinea Faciei

ALEXANDER K. C. LEUNG, MD and JUSTINE H. S. FONG, MD
University of Calgary

DEEPAK M. KAMAT, MD, PhD—Series Editor
Dr Kamat is professor of pediatrics at Wayne State University in Detroit. He is also director of the Institute of Medical Education and vice chair of education at Children’s Hospital of Michigan, both in Detroit.

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A 7-year-old boy was brought for evaluation of a rash on the chin that had appeared 2 weeks earlier. It was slightly itchy. The mother had applied a topical corticosteroid for a few days but then stopped because of worsening of the lesion. The erythematous, scaly lesion with a well-defined border on this boy’s face is characteristic of tinea faciei. As the lesion spreads peripherally, the center often clears and produces the classic annular lesion that is responsible for the designation of ringworm. Microscopic examination of a potassium hydroxide preparation of scrapings from the lesion showed numerous septate hyphae. This confirmed a dermatophyte infection; culture can also establish the diagnosis. Scrapings from scales at the edge of the lesion produce the best results.

Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Trichophyton tonsurans, and Microsporum canis are the most prevalent causative organisms.1 Rarely, tinea faciei can be caused by Microsporum gypseum.2 Occasionally, tinea faciei may simulate polymorphous light eruption, seborrheic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, impetigo, discoid lupus erythematosus, and acne rosacea.2,3

Tinea faciei usually responds to application of a topical antifungal agent, such as micronazole, ketoconazole, econazole, naftifine, or terbinafine. In difficult-to-treat cases, oral itraconazole or fluconazole can be considered. This child was treated with topical terbinafine. The lesion resolved within 10 days.■